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Moral Fibre

Colette Whiten, There there
Colette Whiten, There there

There there 1994
glass bead fringe suspended from aluminum angle wall mounts
132 x 190 x 31 cm
Mount Saint Vincent University Collection
Gift of the Amesbury/Chalmers Collection, 2005
29 Jun 2005 – 16 Nov 2005

As a coeducational university that emphasizes the education of women, Mount Saint Vincent makes a point of acquiring works by women artists for its permanent collection of visual art. The current holdings include significant examples of contemporary textile-based art, some of which are on view in Moral Fibre.

The event that inspired this exhibition was the gift to the University, in 2005, of There there by Colette Whiten. There there and Nancy Edellís Operating were first exhibited in Halifax at the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia in the touring exhibition, Survivors in Search of a Voice (1995), which concerned womenís experiences with breast cancer. The subject matter of these works, “bodies in trouble,” extends throughout Moral Fibre, whether in reference to the ravages of disease or to those of war.

Writing about Barbara Toddís Security Blankets, Bruce Grenville proposes technophilia as the link between medical and military thinking: “When death comes, it is understood as a failure of technology, an inexplicable gap in the logic of its defense. In a seemingly impossible turn of events the language of medicine and the language of the military coincide around death. . .the failure of an artificial heart has the same immediate and totalizing effect as the failure of a radar defense system.”

Because they are soft and associated with feminine and folk practices, the textile-based works in Moral Fibre prompt a consideration of technology which counterposes differently gendered and capitalized spheres of production. Needlework techniques connected with bedding, decoration and clothing are deliberately appropriated into works of art that take as their subject matter the public operations of military, “agribusiness” and medical organizations. Womenís traditional concern with vulnerable bodies reaches out, beyond the family, to implicate the ideologies and institutions that place life in jeopardy. In this sense of forwarding a social cause, the politically engaged textiles of Moral Fibre hearken back to their forerunners, the embroidered banners of the Womanís Suffrage and Temperance movements.

The provocative imagery of the art in Moral Fibre depends for its power on sophisticated formal design. For example, modular composition is deployed with various effects in the works of Colette Whiten, Nancy Edell and Svava Juliusson. The identical size of the beaded units in Whitenís work allows it to mimic in “freeze-frame” the diodes of an electronic read-out device. This uniformity draws attention to a disturbance in the workís overall pattern. Like an electrocardiograph that suddenly flatlines, the rhythmically repeated words break off in the bottom panel and are succeeded by an ominous black “pause”. In Edellís hooked mat the loop is the module. The directional patterning of the loops seems to course with energy, electrifying the already animated stances of the guardian Art Nuns. Yet Svava Juliussonís multiple, lifeless, sheep-like forms, indistinguishable except in colour, display the anonymous uniformity that is often associated with scenes of mass death.

The geometry of the quilt offers further opportunities for radical recomposition. In Barbara Toddís appliqué coverlet, impeccable stitching and an orderly grid match the chilling ideology we might attribute to the “suits” who deal in the weaponry illustrated. By way of contrast, Frances Dorseyís frayed, irregularly pieced patchwork, tacked up like a tarpaulin, looks war-torn even before one notices the soldiers, screaming children and crosses collaged into its imagery. Both works express pacifist ideas, yet even in their approaches to figuration (appliquéed empty suit versus cut-away silhouette) they demonstrate the myriad of ways in which cloth-based art can engage the mind through the senses.

Moral Fibre Engaged Works in Textile MediaExhibition Catalogue
Read an excerpt from the catalogue...

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Exhibition Images
Click on an image to enlarge it.
Barbara Todd, Security Blanket (detail)Colette Whiten, There there (detail)Frances Dorsey, Dragonís Teeth (detail)Frances Dorsey: Dragon’s TeethMoral Fibre Installation View (Juliusson & Todd)
Moral Fibre, Installation ViewNancy Edell, Operating (detail)Nancy Edell, Operating 1994   

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